The Conservation, Restoration, and Repair of Stringed Instruments and Their Bows

Volume 1: General Issues Concerning Stringed Instruments and Their Bows

  • Foreword
    Kim Kashkashian
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • The IPCI and the Conservation of Pernambuco
    Yung Chin
  • General Introduction
    Tom Wilder
  • Note on Terminology
  • Introduction to Volume 1

Part 1. Pernambuco and Its Conservation

  • Pernambuco: The Tree that Brings Forth Music
    Haroldo C. de Lima
  • Conservative Milling of Caesalpinia echinata for Bow Making
    Charles Espey
  • Substitute Materials in Bow Making
    Benoît Rolland
  • Using Pernambuco Scraps for Tailpieces and Pegs
    Eric Meyer
  • Alternative Woods for Bow Making
    John B. Aniano

Part 2. Conservation, Restoration, and Repair

  • Some Thoughts on Instrument Restoration
    Charles Beare
  • Museum or Concert Hall: Pragmatic and Aesthetic Views
    Robert L. Barclay
  • Observations on the Most Common Criteria for the Restoration of Stringed Instruments
    Marco Tiella
  • Issues in Restoration, Repair, and Conservation
    Andrew Dipper
  • Reversibility: A Fragile Concept
    Robert L. Barclay
  • On the Distinction between Making and Restoring Violins
    Jan Baptista Špidlen
  • The Danger of Learning Restoration Techniques from Books
    René A. Morel
  • Interpreting Manuscripts and Understanding Techniques of the Past
    Koen Padding
  • Restorers and the History of Italian Violin Making
    Carlo Chiesa

Part 3. History, Collections, and Connoisseurship

  • Violin Restoration: A Historical and Commercial Survey
    John Dilworth
  • Reconstructing the French Viol Bow
    Ian Watchorn
  • Techniques of Bow Making in Germany
    Klaus Grünke
  • English Bow Makers of the Dodd and Tubbs Families
    Philip J. Kass
  • The Invention of Tradition: The Price of Stradivari Violins
    Benjamin Hebbert
  • Linking Collection History and Conservation History
    Florence Gétreau
  • Appraising French Bows on the Basis of Design and Condition
    Jean-François Raffin
  • An Overview of Bow Tips from Tourte to Sartory
    Matthew R. Wehling
  • On Determining the Authenticity of Musical Instruments
    Friedemann Hellwig
  • Ethics, Evidence, and Authentication
    Laurence Libin
  • Some Things You Should Know Before Purchasing a Cremonese Violin
    Roger Graham Hargrave

Part 4. Documentation

  • Documentation of Stringed Instrument Repair
    Robert L. Barclay
  • Bowed String Instrument Photography: Lighting Configurations for Standard Shots
    Tucker Densley
  • Computed Tomography for Assessing and Documenting Stringed Instruments
    Steven A. Sirr and John R. Waddle
  • Laser Scanning for Documentation and Analysis of Stringed Instruments and Bows
    James Ham
  • The Documentation of Stringed Instruments
    Hans Rudolf Hösli, Marc Soubreyan, and Tom Wilder
  • The Documentation of Bows
    Paul Martin Siefried and Tom Wilder
  • Measuring and Graphing Bow Graduations, Low Point, Camber, and Balance Point
    Elizabeth Vander Veer Shaak
  • Condition and Intervention Reporting for Stringed Instruments and Bows
    Tom Wilder

Part 5. Materials

  • Chemical Safety in the Workshop
    Monona Rossol
  • Wood Properties and Bowed String Instruments
    David W. Grattan
  • How Changes in Humidity Affect Instruments Made of Wood
    Petr Bucinsky
  • Animal Glue
    Velson Horie
  • Cyanoacrylate Adhesives in Bow Making and Repair
    Jane L. Down and Robert L. Barclay
  • Characterization of Ivory, Bone, Horn, and Tortoiseshell
    Thomas Stone
  • Cleaning and Gluing of Bone, Ivory, Horn, and Tortoiseshell
    Robert L. Barclay
  • The Structure of Mother-of-pearl
    René-William Groppe
  • The Care and Conservation of Mother-of-pearl
    Padraig ó Dubhlaoidh
  • Properties of Horsehair and Rosin
    Florence Billaud de Kerret
  • All that Glitters Is Not Maillechort
    Sylvain Bigot

Part 6. Infestations

  • Woodworm Infestations in the Wood Stock: Identification, Treatment, and Prevention
    Viola Ziessow
  • The Carpet Beetle: A Destructive Pest in the Instrument Case
    Padraig ó Dubhlaoidh
  • Anoxic Methods for Controlling Insect Infestations in Musical Instruments
    Robert J. Koestler

Part 7. Surfaces

  • The Nature of Coatings and the Care of Historic Varnishes
    Mel J. Wachowiak
  • Damages and Alterations in the Transparent Coatings of Musical Instruments
    Vera de Bruyn-Ouboter
  • Patina and Authentication
    Tom Wilder
  • Cleaning and Retouching Violin Varnish, with a Discussion of Colour Theory
    Stewart Pollens
  • Cleaning and Its Hazards
    Padraig ó Dubhlaoidh
  • Contributors to Volume 1
  • Bibliography
  • General Index
  • Documentation CD-ROM

Volume 2: Stringed Instruments and Techniques for Their Conservative Restoration and Repair

  • Introduction to Volume 2
  • Instrument Schemas
  • Concordance of Instrument Terms

Part 1. Basic Maintenance, Setup, and Preventive Procedures

  • On Adjusting the Sonority of Stringed Instruments
    Pierre Caradot and François Varcin
  • Making Soundposts Using a Drill and Router
    John Dailey
  • Soundpost and Bridge-foot Reinforcement Veneers
    Joseph Curtin
  • The Wolf Note
    Norman C. Pickering
  • Reduction or Elimination of a Violin Wolf Tone
    Paul Wiessmeyer
  • Wolf Suppression for Cellos: Adjusting the Soundpost and Installing a Tunable Suppressor
    Christopher Dungey
  • Tips and Best Practices for Restorers and Musicians
    Guy Rabut and Arthur Robert Toman
  • Comparative Review of Edge Fillers
    John Montgomery
  • Rare-earth Magnets
    Joseph Grubaugh and Sigrun Seifert
  • Shop Tips for the Violin Maker
    Christopher White
  • Making and Sharpening Double-Sided Scrapers
    Jonathan Cooper

Part 2. Counterforms, Moulds, and Casts

  • Making Ultra-thin Latex Film
    Michael Rhonheimer
  • Sandbagging Techniques Using Bulgur
    Alex Grant
  • A New Look at Arching Correction before Making a Mould
    Joseph Grubaugh and Sigrun Seifert
  • Localized Corrections in Top and Back Plates before or instead of Making Plaster Moulds
    Amos Hargrave
  • Making a Mould with Acrylic
    Quentin Playfair
  • RTV Rubber Moulds and Polyurethane Reproduction Casts
    Sharon Que and Gregg T. Alf
  • Vacuum Techniques in Plate Restoration
    Andrea Ortona
  • Building a Better Neck-graft Counterform
    Janet Toon

Part 3. Surface Interventions

  • Materials and Methods for Cleaning and Maintaining a Finish
    Padraig ó Dubhlaoidh
  • Cleaning Instruments Using Methyl Cellulose and Deionized Water
    David Polstein
  • Chemical Methods for Surface Cleaning of Musical Instruments Undergoing Restoration
    Claudio Canevari
  • Retouching Varnish on Stringed Instruments
    J&A Beare Ltd

Part 4. The Body

  • Less-invasive Repair of Worm Tracks
    Andrew Ryan
  • Gluing Cracks Using the Block-and-wedge Method
    Florian Leonhard
  • Closing Problem Cracks with Parchment
    André Lavoye
  • Repairing a Crack in the Top Plate of a Violin
    Francisco Hervás Hita
  • Repairing Cracks
    Jean-Jacques Fasnacht
  • Techniques for Repairing Cracked Ribs
    Andrew Carruthers
  • Stabilizing a Plate Using Hot Wax and a Plaster Mould
    André Lavoye
  • Restoring a Shortened Instrument to Its Original Size Using Thin Shavings of Original Material
    Gregory Walke
  • The Faster and More Precise Patch
    Peter Moes and Wendela Moes
  • A New Look at Patch Fitting
    Joseph Grubaugh and Sigrun Seifert
  • A Device for Rejoining Plates
    Robert Cauer
  • Reinforcing Cracks with Parchment
    Florian Leonhard
  • Using Paper to Reinforce Cracks
    Matthias Michael
  • Care and Conservation of the Double Bass
    James Ham

Part 5. The Scroll and the Neck

  • Making Spiral Bushings
    Christopher Germain
  • Reinforcing Peg Holes with Spiral Bushings
    Florian Leonhard
  • Reinforcing Pegbox Walls with Conical Bushings
    Florian Leonhard
  • Reinforcing Broken Pegboxes with Graphite Composite
    Robert Cauer
  • Kevlar-reinforced Bushing
    Christopher Edel
  • Reinforcing a Cracked Pegbox Wall with a Carbon-fibre Bushing
    Jerry Pasewicz
  • A Mathematical Relationship between Neckset Parameters
    Koo-Young Chung
  • A Guide Frame for Setting the Neck of a Violin, Viola, or Cello
    Workshop of Hieronymus Köstler
  • Bending a Neck
    Christian Schabbon
  • Resetting a Neck with a Neck-heel Splice
    Christian Schabbon
  • A Less-invasive Neck Graft for Cellos and Basses
    Jörg Andreas Franke
  • Double Grafting a Broken Bass Scroll
    Juan Antonio Mancheño Sánchez
  • Stabilizing a Neck
    Thomas Oliver Croen
  • Adjusting the Scoop of a Warped Cello Neck and Fingerboard
    Francis Morris
  • Fingerboard Gluing: A Controlled Alignment System
    Thomas Oliver Croen
  • Veneering Fingerboards with Ebony
    Louis Gaucher
  • Contributors to Volume 2
  • Index to Volume 2

Volume 3: Bows and Techniques for Their Conservative Restoration and Repair

  • Introduction to Volume 3
  • Bow Schemas
  • Concordance of Bow Terms

Part 1. Basic Maintenance, Setup, and Preventive Procedures

  • Rehairing: Preliminary Bow Checkup
    Sylvain Bigot
  • Rehairing Parisian Style
    Sylvain Bigot
  • Head-First Bow Rehairing
    Rodney D. Mohr
  • The Ferrule Wedge
    Klaus Martin Kuhn
  • Irreversible Damage to Bow Heads
    Stéphane Thomachot
  • A Recycling Technique for Ebony Repairs
    Graham D. Welsh
  • An Unusual Ebony Fill for Bow Restoration and Repair
    Peg Baumgartel
  • Shop Tips for Bow Repair
    David H. Forbes

Part 2. The Stick

  • The Bow: Linking Musician and Instrument
    Benoît Rolland
  • Camber
    Michael Yeats
  • Recambering and Straightening Bows
    Sylvain Bigot
  • Bushing Bow Sticks with Pernambuco
    Corrie Schrijver
  • Fitting a Vuillaume-Voirin Style Half-round Coulisse on a Butt Graft
    D. William Halsey
  • Rebushing a Violin Bow
    R. David Tamblyn
  • Bow Handle Repair Using Cyanoacrylate Glue
    Robert L. Ray
  • Frog and Screw Fitting
    Roy G. Quade
  • Repairing the Broken Neck of a Violin Bow with a Dovetail Scarf Joint
    Thomas Dignan
  • Repairing a Snapped Bow with a Double Internal Conical Graft Bushing
    Randy DeBey
  • Restoration of a Fractured Bow Head
    Michael Vann
  • Grafts and Corruption in Bow Restoration: The Partial Head Graft
    David Orlin
  • A Quick and Precise Method for Cross-grain Head Splines
    André Klaassen
  • Masking Damage to the Underside Profile of a Bow Head
    Rodney D. Mohr

Part 3. The Frog

  • Metalsmithing Basics: Fabrication Methods for Round and Octagonal Button Rings, Replacement Ferrules, and Metal Headplates
    Roger Zabinski
  • Metal Analysis of a Simon Ferrule
    Roger Zabinski
  • Eyelet Replacement
    Rodney D. Mohr
  • Extraction of a Broken Eyelet Shank from a Frog
    Jean-Marc Panhaleux
  • Repairing Frog Damage Due to Rusted Screws
    David Orlin
  • Repairing Cracks in the Underslide Area of the Frog
    Morgan Andersen
  • Non-invasive Thumb Projection Repair
    Rodney D. Mohr
  • Replacing a Broken Tongue
    Jerry Pasewicz
  • Restoration of a Broken Tongue
    Peter Oxley
  • Restoring a Broken Frog at the Ferrule
    Jean-Marc Panhaleux
  • Replacing the Silver Ring of a Parisian Eye and Making Double Pearl Eyes
    Paul Siefried
  • Replacing a Pearl Eye in the Frog: An Improved Method Using Hydrochloric Acid
    David Hawthorne
  • Replacing Missing Tortoiseshell with Dyed Optical Epoxy
    Jerry Pasewicz
  • Three Methods for Preserving Details in Old Bows
    Richard Riggall
  • Copying a Historical Frog and Button
    Paul Siefried
  • Contributors to Volume 3
  • Index Volume 3